Thanks to our DancingSTAR - Tayla Maree Joel from TJ Dance Fit - sharing the passion for dance with kids.

What is Dance?

Why Dance?




First position - The heels of the feet are together with the toes pointing out. The arms are placed in front of the body at the belly button and are gently curved.






When tap dancing, dancers wear special shoes which make sounds. When tap dancing, dancers mainly use the bottom half of their bodies, though the arms may be used to add style. When tap dancing, dancers can use odd and even beats in time with the music. Tap dancing involves many steps including, shuffles, brushes, heel digs, tap steps and tap springs. These steps can be either performed slow or fast.



Brush Using one leg the knee is flexed. Imagine a kicking movement and strike the ball of the foot against the floor. The leg rises in the air until the knee is straight. This movement can be done I a forwards or backwards motion.


 Shuffle A forward brush followed by a back brush to the front, side or back. This is usually a rapid movement.


 Heel Dig  With the toe raised strike the back part if the heel forward onto the floor.


 Ball Change Two steps on the ball of the feet, back front.


 Pickup With the heel on the floor and the toe up brush the foot back landing on the ball of the foot. This movement creates tow sounds.



Contemporary dancing is a more modern style of dance that uses a wide range of techniques. The dance style uses movements that work with the natural placement of the body. Contemporary dance involves the use of four techniques:




 Feet position


Pointed Feet

 Flexed Feet



Social dancing is a style of dance that is done for leisure and fun. It can be performed at a level that does not require competition. It can be done with friends, pairs and groups. Some styles of social dance include circle, line, ballroom, swing and square dances.




 Box Step

Cha Cha



Folk dance is an informal dance that can be performed during social events. It is based on European culture, but each country has its own special feature which makes it unique from other styles. Folk dance can be learnt through the observation of others, especially family. Some types of folk dance include clogging, English country dance, Irish and maypole dance.



Run over



Indigenous dance is a form of dance that tells stories which can be about communities, land, relationships and culture of the people. Props are often used to help portray the story and to provide musical background. For example boomerangs are used by Aboriginals and warups are used commonly by Torres Strait Islanders. These dances are usually performed during ceremonies commonly known as corroborees. Indigenous dances are passed through generations, which are sacred to their individual community.

Hip Hop/Funk


Both hip hop and funk styles of dance are a soulful expression of movement.  This dance style relies on matching the dance steps with the beat of the music. The style began as a cultural movement in New York performed by African-Americans. Funk is a combination of hip hop, pop and street funk.



Head roll

Leaving your head facing the front, tilt your head to the right side

Dip your head further down

Then bring your head back up straight.

 Pencil turn

 Chris Cross Jump


 Harlem Shake

Kids develop knowledge, skills and understanding in composing their own dances. 

Kids also develop knowledge, skills and understanding in appreciating their own dances and those of others. 

Kids use and consider the elements of dance (action, dynamics, time, space, relationships and structure) in performing their own dances and the dances of others from different times and cultures. 

Kids gain increasing accomplishment, and develop their knowledge, skills and understanding in composing their own dances using the elements and contexts of dance.  

The contexts for learning experiences may be drawn from a variety of sources including contemporary and popular dances, social dance, modern dance, Aboriginal dance, Torres Strait Islander dance, and indigenous, folk and traditional dances of the world.